Involuntary mental health treatment in the era of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Publication date: 
18 October 2018

The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) was adopted in 2007 and has since been ratified by 177 countries. It represents a paradigm shift from an impairment-focused, biomedical model of disability to a socially focused, human rights-based model. Impairment arising out of a mental health condition is termed psychosocial disability in this model, and laws and clinical protocols governing mental health practice are likely to be informed by the CRPD's provisions. The Indian Mental Health Care Act of 2017 (MHCA) states that it was drafted because it is necessary to harmonize existing laws with [the CRPD].