The Programme for Improving Mental health care (PRIME) has recently produced a policy brief, “Poverty and Mental Disorders: Breaking the Cycle in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries”. Based on the results from two systematic reviews, it was found that mental health interventions were associated with improved economic outcomes. At the same time, it was also found that poverty alleviation programmes can have mental health benefits, particularly for conditional cash transfers and asset promotion programmes. It is thus emphasized that interventions are needed that address both the social causes of mental illness and the disabilities and economic deprivation that are a consequence of mental illness. Policy recommendations are provided. See the attached.